Addressing Hazardous Vapor Cloud Dispersions

A detailed risk-based approach is proposed for addressing flammable and toxic dispersions impacting occupied buildings. The approach is based on the results from a complete quantitative risk-based assessment, which provides the following information per each outcome impacting the target location under analysis: (1) individual frequency of occurrence; (2) outdoor concentration; (3) exposure time; and (4) indoor concentrations by considering building air infiltration. Exceedance curves per hazard type (flammability or toxicity) and per chemical can be generated, which allow the user to decide whether a target building should be introduced in the mitigation plan as per API Recommended Practice 752 and API Recommended Practice 753, or if the target location can be within the acceptable risk region. Additionally, the proposed approach allows the construction of dedicated FN curves per location being impacted by toxic dispersions. The results from the proposed approach allow decision-makers to decide if there is the need to install the most cost-effective risk reduction measures based on the identified target locations to be in an unacceptable risk region. 


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