Risk-Based Approach – Damage Criteria

This manuscript is divided in three sections. The first and second sections address human vulnerability and structural damage due to explosions and fires, respectively. For explosions, overpressure, impulse and probit analysis are the parameters of interest; while for fires, thermal flux, thermal dose and probit analysis are the pertinent parameters. The third section addresses dispersions, and focuses only on human vulnerability due to toxicity. It is important to note that flammable dispersions are not addressed as they are inherently considered as part of the fires damage criteria (e.g., flash fires). Finally, for explosions, fires and toxic dispersions, generic available criteria in the related literature has been reviewed and compiled and internationally recognized sources of input data have been presented.


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