Our White Papers

Download our white papers in PDF format and stay informed on managing and reducing episodic risk, maintaining compliance and preventing catastrophic incidents.

    Operating companies covered by OSHA’s PSM standard or EPA’s RMP rule are required to revalidate their PHA every five years. Very frequently, PHA teams encounter frustrating challenges, including: Identification of a hazard introduced by a process change, identification of a hazard similar to a recent incident that was either overlooked in the previous PHA or deemed to have adequate protection, and inadequate documentation from the previous PHA.
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    The way a company manages a major crisis can literally spell the difference between life and death — both for the immediate victims of the crisis and for the company itself. Over the past two decades, several major crises have had severe environmental, health, and safety consequences, as well as drastic implications for the companies involved.
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    Risk assessment is an effective means of identifying process safety risks and determining the most cost-effective means to reduce risk. Many organizations recognize the need for risk assessment, but most do not have the tools, experience and resources to assess risk quantitatively.
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    Chemical processing facilities need reliable emergency response plans and systems (ERPS) in order to manage technological risks to plant personnel, the surrounding communities, and the environment.
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    Fatigue failure of relief and/or process piping caused by vibration can develop due to the conversion of flow mechanical energy to noise. Factors that have led to an increasing incidence of noise vibration related fatigue failures in piping systems include but are not limited to
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    This paper describes a method for identification of major acute risks in existing process facilities that have potential for serious impacts to on-site and offsite populations, and for prioritization of mitigating measures.
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    This paper provides concise and structured documentation to be used as a guideline when conducting Hazard & Operability (HAZOP) studies. It collects and summarizes key tables, figures, and checklists placed in chronological order according to the sequential phases that define the HAZOP Management System (HMS). These strategic illustrations, as well as their layout provide the key ready-to-use tools able to maximize the effectiveness of a HAZOP study.
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    High viscosity two-phase flow occurs in many industrial scale reactors handling polymer systems. For example, a runaway reaction in a monomer tank can lead to high viscosity two phase flow.
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    Using a risk-based approach on processing systems, engineers can cost effectively meet required safeguards without compromising operating safety. Current design codes and standards primarily seek to mitigate catastrophic consequences from process incidents.
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    Although most companies that handle hazardous materials have implemented process safety management systems, they are still having accidents.
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    This manuscript explains the fire phenomena and introduces the different types of industrial fires that should be identified and characterized during the development of a risk-based quantitative assessment; i.e., flash fires, pool fires, jet fires and fireballs.
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    Regarding vessels and tubes containing combustible gases or dusts, it is important to acquire knowledge on the conditions under which a fuel and oxidizer could undergo explosive reactions. These conditions are strongly dependent on the pressure and temperature.
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    An effective management of change (MOC) process simply prevents accidents. In fact, several process industry incident investigations have identified a weakness in the MOC process as the root cause, including two case histories published in a 2001 safety bulletin issued by the United States Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB).
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    SuperChems™ v8.49 introduces better tools for managing chemicals and chemicals databanks. These new tools enable the user to quickly select new databanks and/or create project specific databanks that can be included with the project file for complete portability. These new tools automatically update the chemicals mixtures and warn the user if there are potential mismatches or missing chemicals with databank selection. Databanks are no longer required when sharing project files that have embedded project specific databanks.
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    Some parts of the US media have managed to dramatize key issues surrounding LNG transportation, facility operations, and proposed new projects. Erroneous media speculation and sensationalism, especially regarding the threat of terrorism, have created an atmosphere of anti-LNG sentiment fueled by fear and paranoia.
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