Our White Papers

Download our white papers in PDF format and stay informed on managing and reducing episodic risk, maintaining compliance and preventing catastrophic incidents.

    Despite investment of considerable resources to conduct PHAs, many companies are still experiencing a high rate of incidents and find that the causes of these incidents have not been identified and/or addressed in their PHAs.
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    With the increased regulatory focus on pressure relief and flare systems (PRFS) design basis, many companies are in the process of updating their existing relief systems design documentation.
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    PRV stability, inlet pressure drop and built-up backpressure, should be evaluated at the rated capacity of the PRV. The rated capacity of the PRV corresponds to a specific overpressure, which is 10% of the set pressure or 3 psi, whichever is greater, for ASME VIII certified relief devices.
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    This paper illustrates a case study that compiles and analyses management system audit findings and related data from a sample of 16 process facilities.
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    Vessels and pipes filled with fluids require pressure relief in order to protect from loss of containment caused by fluid thermal expansion. Thermal expansion of fluids occurs when the fluid is heated as a result of steam tracing, solar radiation, external fire, etc.
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    Potential hazards resulting from intentional or accidental spilling of large quantities of LNG include thermal radiation from vapor cloud fires (also referred to as flash fires) and pool fires.
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    The growing public concern over potential terror threats to LNG carriers and the expected increase in LNG shipping traffic led to several recent LNG safety studies.
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    Based on previous incident investigations, the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) has concluded that reactive hazards pose a serious challenge to the Chemical Process Industry (CPI). Of the 167 uncontrolled chemical reactivity incidents reported between January 1980 and June 2001, CSB findings indicate that over 50% of chemicals involved in the incidents were not covered by existing OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) or EPA Risk Management Program (RMP) requirements.
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    According to the “Status Report on Combustible Dust National Emphasis Program,” published by OSHA in October 2009, the Hazard Communication (HazCom) standard is the most frequently-cited standard with respect to combustible dust-related hazards. This paper can help you determine what type of information you need to develop and include on your Safety Data Sheets (SDSs).
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    This paper concerns the management of onshore transmission oil and gas pipelines and the choices that operators must make for investment decision-making, particularly concerning the environmental consequences of incidents where there is a loss of containment (LOC) event from the pipeline (i.e. a leak or rupture).
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    Most companies have completed at least three process safety management (PSM) compliance audits of their covered facilities since the promulgation of the OSHA PSM standard. These companies, however, are not seeing noticeable improvements in their PSM programs.
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