Effective Emergency Relief System (ERS) design helps companies meet risk-management goals, compliance requirements, and sound business practices. ioMosaic provides a total ERS solution with our comprehensive ERS design services, from reactivity testing for design basis determination to calculations for Z-axis deflection from dynamic loads.
Our team has decades of experience performing PRFS analysis and design.
Our risk-based approach helps mitigate near-unventable scenarios to a tolerable level of risk.
Better evaluate hazards in your facility with an accurate process simulation.
Delivering properly designed pressure relief systems that save both money and time.
Reasonable estimates of the expected time to failure (ettf) or expected time to yield (etty) are required and necessary for effective risk management as well as effective emergency and fire protection and response. Read this paper for a demonstration of calculating ettf or etty in fire exposure scenarios with Process Safety Office® SuperChems™.
It is a common practice to insulate storage tanks containing reactive chemicals to protect against fire exposure. While this mitigation technique is appropriate for vessels handling non-reactive chemicals, reactive chemicals storage represents a special challenge and must be examined on a case-by-case basis. For certain classes of reactive chemicals, given a sufficiently long hold time, the insulation will always lead to a runaway reaction.
If insulation is to be used, special handling is required in order to insure that after the fire is extinguished, the vessel contents do not reach a temperature that causes a runaway within 48 hours. The 48 hours time limit is selected arbitrarily and should be long enough for most installations to empty the tank contents, inject and circulate additional inhibitor into the tank, cool the tank contents, and/or use the vessel contents in the process.
For vessels containing reactive liquids or non-reactive liquids that are known to be foamers or where two-phase flow is possible due to the disengagement characteristics of the vessel/relief system use the total surface area of the vessel as wetted surface area when estimating heat input into the vessel. Existing guidelines from API and NFPA-30 ignore the impact of two-phase flow on wetted area selection and can lead to non-conservative designs. Assuming a constant heat flux input, a vessel that is 30% full, for example, will result in a higher reaction rate than a vessel that is 90% full. This effect has to be established using advanced simulation techniques such as those embodied in SuperChems™ and SuperChems™ for DIERS.
This PSE module performs efficient tracking of process safety related data and analysis. A customized workflow allows for a specific operating unit or the entire facility to be studied and evaluated for compliance.
A major petroleum company recently increased production capacity and required an analysis of its existing relief systems to validate performance and design. As a result of increasing production capacity and debottlenecking studies, several refinery units were found to be operating at charge rates higher than the design basis for the relief systems documentation.
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